"Transcutaneous temporary pacing offers a noninvasive, rapid and effective way to institute ventricular pacing, support the patient's hemodynamics and re-establish perfusion” – D. Hatlestad

Originally developed in the early 1950s by Paul Zoll, M.D., non-invasive transcutaneous is still the most common, preferred method of pacing. While clearly intended for temporary use, particularly in the presence of bradycardia, development of large surface-area electrode pads and constant current waveform technology that allows higher capture rates at lower mean thresholds have kept this method on the forefront of pacing for over 50 years. Today, pacing remains a Class I intervention for all symptomatic bradycardias under the 2005 AHA Guidelines for Emergency Resuscitation Care.